Session: 30-07 Mistuning
Paper Number: 82576
82576 - Simulation and Investigation of an Intentionally Mistuned Blisk Rotor in a High Pressure Compressor
In modern aircraft engines, blade integrated disk (blisk) is widely implemented. While blisk rotor design brings numerous advantages including weight reduction, aerodynamic efficiency improvement, and manufacturing simplification, its low mechanical damping due to the absence of friction between disk and blades makes the rotor more susceptible to vibration. Given that damage to blisk rotor sometimes requires the whole assembly to be replaced, effort has been made to alleviate the unexpected vibration amplitude within operating range, among which intentional mistuning is regarded as one of the commonly used technique. Mistuning refers to blade-to-blade deviation of mechanical properties, which is inevitable in practice due to manufacturing tolerances or wear. Through the application of intentional mistuning, it is expected that the amplitude of synchronous or nonsynchronous vibration (NSV) will be reduced without severely losing aerodynamic performance.
In this paper, the effect of intentional mistuning has been investigated for the blisk rotor of a 1.5-stage transonic research compressor at Technical University of Darmstadt. According to the previous test campaign, the baseline rotor has shown its susceptibility to NSV due to first torsion mode in the near stall region. The rotor was then intentionally mistuned. Subsequent tests have proven a successful suppression of flutter problem. In order to have a comprehensive understanding of the effect of the applied mistuning pattern, simulations are performed using a FVM based CFD solver to produce comparable results as shown in the test campaign. In the simulation, mistuned systems are modelled in comparison with the nominal tuned reference. Geometrical disturbance and frequency disturbance are introduced to the tuned model first separately and then simultaneously. In this way, contribution of aerodynamic and structural mistuning to the suppression of NSV is identified based on the CFD results. Later, system eigenvalues of the mistuned aeromechanical model are determined by making use of the blade individual response in time domain. The obtained results are compared with mistuned eigenvalues calculated by a reduced order model (ROM), which utilizes the idea of subset of nominal modes (SNM). This makes it possible to demonstrate the feasibility of using SNM to carry out stability analysis when designing mistuning pattern for vibration of NSV type. It also allows a compare between the linear structural model of the SNM and the non-linear aeromechanic model of the CFD solver on capturing the non-linear nature of the flow, especially in the context of NSV.
Presenting Author: Jingjie Yang Brandenburg University of Technology Cottbus-Senftenberg
Presenting Author Biography: Master of Science in mechanical engineering and Ph.D. candidate at Brandenburg University of Technology
Authors:Jingjie Yang Brandenburg University of Technology Cottbus-Senftenberg
Bernd Beirow Brandenburg University of Technology Cottbus-Senftenberg
Thomas Giersch Rolls-Royce Deutschland Ltd & Co KG
Simulation and Investigation of an Intentionally Mistuned Blisk Rotor in a High Pressure Compressor
Technical Paper Publication